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amnhnyc:

Autumn is in full swing, and the Northeast US is a riot of colors. What causes this seasonal change? We’ve got the answers to all of your fall foliage questions here:
WHERE DO LEAF COLORS COME FROM?
Leaves are green in the summer because they contain a great deal of the pigment chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is necessary for the process of photosynthesis, which plants use to make food.
Chlorophyll is not the only pigment in leaves, but during the summer there’s so much of it that no other colors can be seen. Leaves also contain carotenoids—yellow, orange and brown pigments that give color to such foods as carrots and bananas. In the fall, some leaves produce red pigments called anthocyanins, which are also found in fruits like cranberries and blueberries. 
WHAT TRIGGERS A LEAF TO CHANGE COLOR?
As autumn approaches, days become shorter and nights grow longer. Trees respond to the decrease in sunlight by slowing down production of the green pigment chlorophyll. As the amount of chlorophyll drops, yellow, orange and brown pigments (carotenoids) become visible. In some trees, dwindling light levels cause other changes inside the leaf. For instance, the concentration of sugars often goes up, which causes the formation of red pigments (anthocyanins).
DOES WEATHER AFFECT AUTUMN COLORS?
Only a little bit. Although some people assume that leaves change color in response to cooler weather, it’s really the shorter days of fall that signal to trees that it’s time to prepare for winter. But weather does affect the intensity of leaf color. Seasonably warm and sunny fall days combined with cool (but not freezing) nights seem to produce the most stunning autumn colors. In addition, fall colors can be delayed by a severe summer drought.
DO LEAVES ON ALL TREES CHANGE COLOR?
No. Trees like pines, spruces and firs are “evergreens”—their leaves are always green. These trees generally have tough needle-shaped leaves that can withstand cold weather. In fact, individual leaves on evergreens can stay on the tree for several years.
ARE CERTAIN COLORS ASSOCIATED WITH A PARTICULAR KIND OF TREE?
Yes. The chart below lists some common trees and their typical fall leaf colors.
 ASPEN:                Golds
BEECH:               Yellows and Tans
DOGWOOD:        Deep Reds
ELM:                    Browns
HICKORY:            Golds
OAK:                   Reds and Browns
RED MAPLE:        Bright Reds
SOURWOOD:       Deep Reds
SUGAR MAPLE:    Orangish Reds
Can’t get enough fall foliage? Check out our Pinterest board Autumn at the Museum. 

amnhnyc:

Autumn is in full swing, and the Northeast US is a riot of colors. What causes this seasonal change? We’ve got the answers to all of your fall foliage questions here:

WHERE DO LEAF COLORS COME FROM?

Leaves are green in the summer because they contain a great deal of the pigment chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is necessary for the process of photosynthesis, which plants use to make food.

Chlorophyll is not the only pigment in leaves, but during the summer there’s so much of it that no other colors can be seen. Leaves also contain carotenoids—yellow, orange and brown pigments that give color to such foods as carrots and bananas. In the fall, some leaves produce red pigments called anthocyanins, which are also found in fruits like cranberries and blueberries. 

WHAT TRIGGERS A LEAF TO CHANGE COLOR?

As autumn approaches, days become shorter and nights grow longer. Trees respond to the decrease in sunlight by slowing down production of the green pigment chlorophyll. As the amount of chlorophyll drops, yellow, orange and brown pigments (carotenoids) become visible. In some trees, dwindling light levels cause other changes inside the leaf. For instance, the concentration of sugars often goes up, which causes the formation of red pigments (anthocyanins).

DOES WEATHER AFFECT AUTUMN COLORS?

Only a little bit. Although some people assume that leaves change color in response to cooler weather, it’s really the shorter days of fall that signal to trees that it’s time to prepare for winter. But weather does affect the intensity of leaf color. Seasonably warm and sunny fall days combined with cool (but not freezing) nights seem to produce the most stunning autumn colors. In addition, fall colors can be delayed by a severe summer drought.

DO LEAVES ON ALL TREES CHANGE COLOR?

No. Trees like pines, spruces and firs are “evergreens”—their leaves are always green. These trees generally have tough needle-shaped leaves that can withstand cold weather. In fact, individual leaves on evergreens can stay on the tree for several years.

ARE CERTAIN COLORS ASSOCIATED WITH A PARTICULAR KIND OF TREE?

Yes. The chart below lists some common trees and their typical fall leaf colors.

 ASPEN:                Golds

BEECH:               Yellows and Tans

DOGWOOD:        Deep Reds

ELM:                    Browns

HICKORY:            Golds

OAK:                   Reds and Browns

RED MAPLE:        Bright Reds

SOURWOOD:       Deep Reds

SUGAR MAPLE:    Orangish Reds

Can’t get enough fall foliage? Check out our Pinterest board Autumn at the Museum

Want to Build a Startup in NYC? Here's How:

Why do startups fail? Two reasons: either owners don’t posses necessary planning and management skills to succeed or underestimate the amount of money needed to run a business (or both). This afternoon, Carlos Guzman of NYC Business Solutions explored the ins and outs of…

Earth Day turns 44 on Tuesday, and it’s more popular than ever. One might suspect the holiday was created by eco-warriors in tie-dyed shirts and leather-fringe vests. Not so. Read on for a collection of facts you (probably) didn’t know about Earth Day.

Earth Day turns 44 on Tuesday, and it’s more popular than ever. One might suspect the holiday was created by eco-warriors in tie-dyed shirts and leather-fringe vests. Not so. Read on for a collection of facts you (probably) didn’t know about Earth Day.

Samsung Galaxy S5 vs. HTC One (M8): Which phone reigns supreme?

They’re both great phones, but you only need one phone. It’s time to declare a winner.

Samsung Galaxy S5 vs. HTC One (M8): Which phone reigns supreme?

They’re both great phones, but you only need one phone. It’s time to declare a winner.

techhive:

Your next Apple TV could come from Comcast
That’s what the the Wall Street Journal says. But there are plenty of potential hurdles in the way of Apple and the nation’s biggest cable provider joining forces.

techhive:

Your next Apple TV could come from Comcast

That’s what the the Wall Street Journal says. But there are plenty of potential hurdles in the way of Apple and the nation’s biggest cable provider joining forces.

nycbizsolutions:

Beginning in February, Internet Week, in partnership with CBRE, will launch NYC Tech Digs, a video series that offers an inside look at the most creative tech workplaces in New York City. The series will include exclusive tours, interviews, and more from rising startups in co-working spaces, mid-sized companies, and global corporations with unique offices in NYC.
While scouring the five boroughs to find the most innovative tech spaces, Internet Week is also accepting submissions. To nominate your office for the NYC Tech Digs series, e-mail photos of your workspace and a few sentences about your company and its culture.

nycbizsolutions:

Beginning in February, Internet Week, in partnership with CBRE, will launch NYC Tech Digs, a video series that offers an inside look at the most creative tech workplaces in New York City. The series will include exclusive tours, interviews, and more from rising startups in co-working spaces, mid-sized companies, and global corporations with unique offices in NYC.

While scouring the five boroughs to find the most innovative tech spaces, Internet Week is also accepting submissions. To nominate your office for the NYC Tech Digs series, e-mail photos of your workspace and a few sentences about your company and its culture.

8bitfuture:

Scale map of the solar system is a lot of fun.
Josh Worth’s map of the solar system puts the moon on your screen at a size of one pixel, and scales everything else accordingly. As such, there’s a lot of scrolling to do, but it’s a great way to show just how much space is in…space.
Check it out here.

8bitfuture:

Scale map of the solar system is a lot of fun.

Josh Worth’s map of the solar system puts the moon on your screen at a size of one pixel, and scales everything else accordingly. As such, there’s a lot of scrolling to do, but it’s a great way to show just how much space is in…space.

Check it out here.